Tips of the Week
December 5, 2016
Practice Aiming at a Target:
Always use something to line up with when aligning your body parallel to your target line. The key
body parts to lineup parallel to your target would be your feet, knees, hips, shoulders, the triangle that
is made up of your shoulders and forearms and your eyes. Your eyes are very important to lineup
because they control the tilt of your head. Your head is the rudder of the golf swing and your head and
eyes control your lateral spine tilt which has a lot to do with the motion of the golf swing. Although
this is not the only reason for reverse pivot, side to side head tilt is a major reason for reverse pivot and
should be avoided at all costs. Your eyes should lineup to the target line and not the ball if your eyes
are square to the ball you are then more likely not square to the target line. This action would promote
the club-head to move more outside of the intended swing path on your back-swing. If you do make a
mistake when lining up your body make the mistake in the open position of the target and never in the
closed position unless you want to come over the top and pull the ball.
Aim / Set / Fire:
Always have a target, if you don't have a target then you can never be disappointed where the ball ends up. Trees work well off the tee and the flag works great when hitting into the green. There are times though when hitting your shot into the green that you don't always aim at the flag, for one reason that not all greens are flat. Before hitting your approach shot to the green always think about where you want to putt the ball from if the green is sloped then below the hole would be much better than above the hole. Being below the hole you can be aggressive but down hill you would not have the same mind set. Generally downhill putts can be extremely tricky because you are generally down grain and anything that is downhill will be faster than uphill. When putting, you need to aim at the high point of the break, Dave T. Pelz has stated many times that most players are up to 30% off when aiming their putts. When on the practice green, find the high point of the break and put a tee down and then aim at the tee. Also, the putt does not have to fall in to the front of the cup, there is a reason that the cup is round and not another shape. Have fun when you practice and practice aiming all the time.
Golf Grip and the relationship with the Club Head
Prohibition on Anchoring the Club While Making a Stroke
This Rule prohibits anchoring the club either directly or by use of an anchor point in making a stroke. The penalty is loss of hole in match play or two strokes in stroke play. THIS IS NOT AN EQUIPMENT RULE.
Withdrawal of Rule on Ball Moving After Address
This Rule assessed a one-stroke penalty if a ball at rest moved after it was addressed. Now a one-stroke penalty will be applied only when the facts show that the player has caused the ball to move.
Limited Exception to Disqualification Penalty for Submission of Incorrect Score Card
In this new exception, a player is not disqualified for returning a lower score for a hole than actually taken as a result of failing to include penalty strokes that the player did not know were incurred. Instead, the player incurs the penalty under the Rule that was breached and must add an additional penalty of two strokes for the score card error. In all other cases in which a player returns a score for any hole lower than actually taken, the penalty will continue to be disqualification.
Modification of Penalty for a Single Impermissible Use of Artificial Devices or Equipment
The penalty for a player's first breach during the round has been reduced from disqualification to loss of hole in match play or two strokes in stroke play. the penalty for any subsequent breach of Rule 14-3 will continue to be disqualification.
Yuma Golf & Country Club: By the NumbersJun 19, 2015
About the golf course; greens and overseeding.
-2,335 large golf course sprinklers
-350 small landscape sprinklers
-1,390,000 linear feet of low voltage sprinkler wire (263 miles)
-76,000 linear feet of power wire for irrigation controllers (14 miles)
-112,570 linear feet of PVC pipe (21.3 miles)
-The pump station can pump 2,500 gallons of water per minute or 1,200,000 gallons of water in eight hours
-In one pound of Rye grass seed, there are 225,000 seeds.
-We use 35,000 pounds of Rye grass seed for tees, fairways, and collars. This meals we use 7.875 billion individual seeds.
-There are 1,412,032 square feet of fairways, or 32.42 acres
-There are 60 bunkers on the course. It takes 2 workers 4 hours per day, 7 days a week, and 52 weeks per year to rake all of them before play. This equals 2,912 hours per year of raking bunkers
-A properly required ball maker heals completely in two to three days, while an unrepaired ball mark takes 15 to 20 days to heal
- A greens mower driven 2 hours per day, 6 days per week and 38 weeks per year has 456 operational hours per year. This amount of equipment wear is equivalent to 27,360 miles in a car driven at 60mph. In 5 years, this equates to 136,800 miles, or 273,600 miles in 10 years. The useful replacement lifespan of greens mower is 5 years (USGA Turf Advisory)
-Fairway mowers are operated 7 hours per day and 5 days per week during a total of 32 weeks per year, which amounts to 4770,400 miles in 7 years. It has been calculated that 10-15 percent of the maintenance budget should be allocated for new equipment replacement to maintain the best balance between repair and replacement costs (USGA Turf Advisory)Apr 23, 2015
Aerification time, thank goodness!
Aerifying is a cultural practice same as mowing, watering, fertilizing, and topdressing. We aerify greens twice a year when the Bermuda greens are growing vigorous. This helps take out the thatch and older leaves to be replaced with clean sand and new leaves. The newer grass blades are less susceptible to disease and wilt. We do appreciate your patience through this process.
Greens and GroundsMar 12, 2015
The difficulty of bunker maintenance begins with the fact that both golfers and course managers exhibit a wide variation in how they perceive bunkers. With such a wide range of opinions and expectations about bunker placements in the game, as well as how they should be maintained, it is vitally important that the golf course superintendents, green committees, supervisors, and tournament governing bodies discuss the issue. Arriving at a consensus regarding playing conditions for the course’s bunkers is important, but it is equally important that they determine if the golf facility has the financial ability to provide those conditions on a daily basis.
The kinds of questions that must be answered include:
Should a golfer ever have a buried lie in a bunker?
Should a golf ball always roll back to the flat portion of the bunker?
Is it possible to define the difference between a “fair” bunker and an unfair one?
How often should golfers be able to get the ball out of a green-side bunker and into the hole in two shots?
How often should golfers be able to hit a shot from a fairway bunker onto the green?
Should a golfer ever have to play a shot from underneath or against the lip of a bunker?
Should the sand surface be smooth or furrowed?
Do the bunkers provide equal hazard to low and high handicap players?
The answer to these questions make it possible to define the expected difficulty of the course’s bunkers, established a plan for bunker maintenance that will deliver that level of difficulty and develop a budget for that level of maintenance
Many golfers are often unaware of how many factors affect the condition of bunkers. Including: Type of sand, depth of sand, hand raking or machine raking, slopes or flat, grooming daily, adding/moving sand, and edging methods; and of course bunker maintenance cost and budget.
The technical aspects of sand selection include everything from particle size and particle shape to crusting potential, infiltration rate, color, and even measuring firmness with a penetrometer. Golfers want the kind of conditions they see on television at championship venues but they need to understand that getting there comes with a substantial cost.
That kind of maintenance demands a commitment of manpower that most courses simply aren’t able to muster. Although there are many factors that influence the cost of bunker maintenance, many golf facilities commit as much as 15 to 25 percent of their golf course labor hours to bunker maintenance.
In preparation for a golf championship, it is not uncommon to have a bunker maintenance crew of 10 to 20 people working full time for two to three weeks prior to and during the event. Achieving “tournament” conditions may include packing the sand, adjusting depths, removing debris and stones, controlling moisture content, adding amendments to the sand, and hand raking-all of which are extremely labor intensive. If a golf course sets a standard of providing those conditions on an every-day basis, labor costs for bunker maintenance alone can be $300,000 to $350.000 a year. For golf courses with annual maintenance budgets under $1 million, such a commitment is obviously out of the question.
Golfers are often surprised to learn how much strain bunkers can put on a golf course’s maintenance budget but once they are aware of the balance between labor costs and bunker playing conditions, they alter their expectations. Despite a trend in recent years to maintain bunkers in a manner that provides a relatively low degree of difficulty, bunkers are still a hazard. When golfers express a desire to have them less of a hazard, they need to understand that achieving that standard daily comes with a significant cost.
FYI Bunker RakesPosted Nov 15, 2013
Bunker rakes placed outside
There is no rule on bunker rake placement and both are common. The USGA recommends placing rakes outside the bunker and parallel to the line of play, preferably along the outer edge of the bunker so that it will reduce the overall chance of it coming into play while eliminating its influence of a ball within a hazard. This is the protocol used for all USGA Championships.
From a maintenance perspective, placing rakes inside bunkers may be preferred for daily play because it makes mowing (and mobility of other equipment around bunkers) more efficient if rakes do not have to be picked up. If this is the case, place the rake on a flat portion of the bunker near the edge but not the back edge. This is to prevent a ball coming to rest against a rake on a steep slope within a hazard. If mechanical rakes are used to prepare bunkers frequently, then placing rakes outside of bunkers may be beneficial if it speeds maintenance. In fact, some golf facilities do both and switch rake placement from outside to inside bunkers or vice versa depending on seasonal mowing requirements.
Regardless of bunker rake placement, if a ball comes to rest against a rake, and the ball moves once the rake (a movable obstruction) is removed, the Rules of Golf require that the ball be replaced (see Rule 24-1). This is fairly straightforward if the rake is outside the hazard but replacing a ball on a steep bunker slope is not always possible. If the ball won’t stay where it must be replaced (Rule 20-3d), or anywhere within the bunker not nearer the hole, the player may either drop the ball, under penalty of one stroke, outside the bunker (Rule 1-4; Equity) keeping the point where the ball lay directly between the hole and the spot in which the ball is dropped, or play under the stroke and distance option of the unplayable ball Rule (Rule 28) - see Decision 20-3d/2.
In all situations, select a low side (or sides if multiple rakes are needed for a large bunker) for placing bunker rakes. Climbing in and out of the high sides of bunkers causes major damage to the bunker face and the surrounding sod, so encourage players to enter and exit in low areas by placing rakes in these locations.
December 19, 2016
Principles, Laws & Preferences
Fundamental truths of propositions that serves as the foundation for a system of belief or behavior or for a chain of reasoning. Principles in the game of golf are but not limited to Aiming, Grip, Posture, Stance, Balance, Setup and many more. These principles have been created to strengthen the ability of achieving the laws within the golf swing.
Are a system of rules that a particular community recognizes as regulating the actions of its members. The laws of the golf swing consist of Angle of Attack, Path, Plane, Face angle at impact and Centeredness of the strike. The one thing that all of these laws of the golf swing have in common are or is the club-head and at no time did the laws cover the golf swing. As long as the laws are followed then the margin of error in the golf swing will be minimized only if you keep the club-head moving.
A greater liking for one alternative over another or others. When creating your own preferences please make sure that they don't disturb the laws. In some cases preferences must be a created as part of a process in order to compensate for physical limitations that affect the principles so that the laws are achieved.